Developments in communication systems, networks, as well as the Internet have allowed a lot of workers to do their work from the comfort and ease of their homes. This is not only practical for the worker but also is a cost cutting measure from the companys viewpoint. Many such workers prefer to have a computer personally for them. The fall in computer prices too, provides played a major role in enabling people to have more than one personal computer at home. This calls for computer system services that provide a direct link in between all the computers in the perimeter of a home, office, and building.
Pc network services usually operate on a nearby Area Network (LAN) to provide higher security and an user-friendly operation. It is their responsibility to make sure that the LOCAL AREA NETWORK runs smoothly at all times and if any kind of faults do arise, it is up to them to rectify it as soon as possible. It will be ideal if these rectifications are usually done before the faults affect the customers. Each computer on the server will be given an IP address and also a DNS (Domain Naming System) to avoid conflicts between the PCs. Names are usually preferred over IP addresses mainly because people find it easier to remember a name like “d. lin” or even PC1, PC2, etc, compared to the 12 digit number, such as 192. 168. 100. 123.
The various providers that come along with networking solutions consist of – Authentication, Directory services, DNS, email, printing, DHCP (Dynamic Sponsor Configuration Protocol) and network file system. To prevent access of information by unauthorized users, authentication of the user is done before he or she logs onto the network. Authentication can be of three classes. The first class includes a mere log in ID and password. Second level of authentication is done simply by checking for an item possessed by the user, for example , an ATM card or a pass key. The most guaranteed authentication service will ask for the retinal or fingerprint scan just before allowing the user to connect to the system.
Directory services allow the users of the network to gain access to any private information of the network, which may be present like a database. This usually requires software which will accept, organize and save the data given by different users into one main database which can be viewed simply by every other user. Internal boundaries could be provided to restrict the information to specific users only.
One of the pre requirements of computer network services within large offices is the email service. Each user is provided with an email ID on the server. The user can send out and receive mails from this ID only if he or she is using a PC that is networked to the server. The account cannot be accessed from outside the machine. Sharing of hardware components like ink jet printers, scanners, etc . is a common services used in several homes and offices.
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Networking solutions provide several other features that are quite helpful in saving time and improving the efficiency of working people.