Transformers are electrical devices that can strength household appliances that run on 240V AC from a 12V DC battery or vehicle that has a 12V system. They convert 12V DC electric batteries to 220/240V AC mains power so that as you can imagine have a large range of applications and uses. Inverters are compact and often lightweight making them an ideal supply of portable mains power for those on the move who need to power electrical equipment whilst away from mains power.
Thanks to their portability they are commonly used in cars, caravans, motor homes, RV’s, boats, 4WD’s and other utility vehicles. Using a power inverter with standard 240V household appliances is a much cheaper and more practical option than purchasing specialised 12V appliances for times when main power is not available, and the cost of a good inverter will easily pay for alone.
Power inverters are available in many different power result levels to suit almost any type of devices that you would want to power. Small low powered inverters are designed for running one small low power electrical or electronic appliance whereas larger more powerful inverters can be used to power several small appliances or one much larger product that has a very high power requirement.
In most cases power inverters are not a particularly efficient method to run appliances with very high strength requirements such as electric heaters, stoves, kettles and air conditioners due to their high current draw and battery consumption.
There are two different types of inverters, modified sine wave power inverters and genuine sine wave power inverters. The difference between your two is how closely these people replicate mains power.
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A modified wave inverter produces a far choppier AC wave and a true or even pure sine wave inverter will certainly create almost perfect AC mains power.
As the process used in a true sine wave inverter is far more complicated than a modified wave inverter they are lot more expensive and generally set aside for equipment that will only operate on them. The good news is that most electric home appliances will happily operate unaffected on a modified sine wave inverter and thus modified wave power inverters are far more prevalent.